Search on: ALCOHOLISM 
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Descriptor English:   Alcoholism 
Descriptor Spanish:   Alcoholismo 
Descriptor Portuguese:   Alcoolismo 
Synonyms English:   Abuse, Alcohol
Addiction, Alcohol
Alcohol Abuse
Alcohol Addiction
Alcohol Dependence
Alcohol Use Disorder
Alcohol Use Disorders
Alcoholic Intoxication, Chronic
Chronic Alcoholic Intoxication
Dependence, Alcohol
Intoxication, Chronic Alcoholic
Use Disorder, Alcohol
Use Disorders, Alcohol  
Tree Number:   C25.775.100.250
F03.900.100.350
Definition English:   A primary, chronic disease with genetic, psychosocial, and environmental factors influencing its development and manifestations. The disease is often progressive and fatal. It is characterized by impaired control over drinking, preoccupation with the drug alcohol, use of alcohol despite adverse consequences, and distortions in thinking, most notably denial. Each of these symptoms may be continuous or periodic. (Morse & Flavin for the Joint Commission of the National Council on Alcoholism and Drug Dependence and the American Society of Addiction Medicine to Study the Definition and Criteria for the Diagnosis of Alcoholism: in JAMA 1992;268:1012-4) 
Indexing Annotation English:   human & animal; note entry term ALCOHOLIC INTOXICATION, CHRONIC: do not coordinate with CHRONIC DISEASE; available also are BINGE DRINKING, DRUNKENNESS see ALCOHOLIC INTOXICATION and ALCOHOLICS; acute alcoholic intoxication = ETHANOL /pois; consider also ALCOHOL-INDUCED DISORDERS and specifics; index other complications of alcoholism under ALCOHOLISM /compl (IM) + disease /etiol not /chem ind (IM); abstinence from alcohol in alcoholism: coordinate with TEMPERANCE (NIM)
Entry Combination - descr/qualif English:   Alcoholism/congenital use Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders
 
See Related English:   Alcohol Deterrents
Alcoholics Anonymous
Psychoses, Alcoholic
Temperance
 
Allowable Qualifiers English:  
BL blood CF cerebrospinal fluid
CL classification CO complications
DI diagnosis DG diagnostic imaging
DH diet therapy DT drug therapy
EC economics EM embryology
EN enzymology EP epidemiology
EH ethnology ET etiology
GE genetics HI history
IM immunology ME metabolism
MI microbiology MO mortality
NU nursing PS parasitology
PA pathology PP physiopathology
PC prevention & control PX psychology
RT radiotherapy RH rehabilitation
SU surgery TH therapy
UR urine VE veterinary
VI virology  
Record Number:   440 
Unique Identifier:   D000437 

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